WIS 164 (County Q-County E) Rehabilitation, Richfield/Polk - Washington County

Purpose and need | Schedule | Contacts

Project location

WIS 164, from approximately 1,000 feet north of County Q to approximately 3,000 feet north of County E, in the village of Richfield and the town of Polk, in Washington County.

Project overview

This project will address the rehabilitation of the existing pavement and address operational and safety concerns in the project corridor.


Purpose and need

The purpose of the proposed rehabilitation is to update pavement conditions, safety, traffic flow and to provide for adequate bicycle facilities. The WIS 164 project is approximately 7.5 miles and extends from just north of County Q to just north of County E, in Washington County.

Pavement rehabilitation

The existing asphalt pavement was constructed in the early to mid-1960s and was last resurfaced in 2000. The pavement is currently reaching the end of its serviceable life.


There were a total of 118 reported crashes including 39 injury crashes and two fatal crashes along WIS 164, within the project limits, between 2008 and 2012. The overall crash rate is 63 percent higher than the statewide average for similar two-lane rural highways during this time period. Approximately 58 percent of the crashes occurred at intersections and 42 percent occurred between intersections. Both fatal crashes occurred between intersections.

Approximately 62 percent of the injury crashes occurred at intersections and 38 percent occurred between intersections. An injury resulted 35 percent of the time when a crash occurred, which is 45 percent higher than the statewide average for two-lane rural highways.

Factors in the project corridor

The existing roadway features, crash data, and public input were studied in detail following the June 2011, Public Involvement Meeting. Several key factors were identified that contributed to the higher than average crash rate and crash severity for similar rural state trunk highways, and correlate to areas of concern raised by public comments.

  • Insufficient sight distance at several hills and intersections
  • Lack of turn lanes at most intersections
  • Long waits and delays at WIS 167 (Holy Hill Road) intersection during rush hours and weekends
  • Steep slopes off the shoulders, leading down to the ditches
  • Steep grades along entire corridor

Other deficiencies were also identified throughout the corridor that were not associated with a pattern of crashes. Low impact improvements, such as new or improved guardrail installations and new roadway signing and pavement marking are proposed in these areas.


Current (this year)

  • Spring 2017 - Real estate acquisition
  • 2017 - Final design

Future (next year and beyond)

  • 2018 - Utility relocations anticipated
  • 2018 - Construction tentatively scheduled to begin

Past (anything prior to today)


  • June 4, 2015 - Approved right of way plat
  • April 14, 2015 - Signed design study report
  • April 10, 2015 - Signed environmental report


  • Jan. 23, 2014 - Public Hearing
  • Feb. 28, 2014 - Written testimony/comments were due
  • 2014 - Preliminary design work


  • Late 2013 - Delayed real estate activities and schedule a Public Hearing
  • July 2013 - The Federal Highway Administration rescinded approval of the Environmental Document
  • June 2013 - Surface treatment placed to improve friction at the Monches hill area
  • April 2013 - Finalized right of way plat and began final appraisals
  • Feb. 14, 2013 - Public Involvement Meeting (PIM) #3, Shared preferred alternatives with public for input


  • December 2012 - Submitted 60 percent plans
  • February 2012 - PIM #2, Presented plans to public for input

2011 and older

  • June 2011 - PIM #1, Project introduced to the public
  • Summer/Fall 2011 - Safety study, determination of deficiencies in the project corridor and development of proposed improvements and alternatives
  • Fall 2010 - Data collection started


Doug Cain, P.E., WisDOT Project Manager
(262) 548-5603

Michael Pyritz, WisDOT Southeast Region Communications Manager
(262) 521-5373

Wisconsin Department of Transportation (WisDOT)
Southeast Region
141 NW Barstow St.
P.O. Box 798
Waukesha, WI 53187-0798
Phone: (262) 548-5902
Fax: (262) 548-5662
TDD: 711