Hazardous materials and asbestos

Legal requirements

(Statutes and the Administrative Code are found on the Wisconsin State Legislative website)


  • See the Forms and tools page for factor sheets and guidance 8-16-17
  • Phase 1 hazardous materials assessment site summary FDM 21-35-5 attachment 1
  • DT1229 nonhazardous waste drum inventory
  • DT1231 hazardous waste inventory record
  • Manifest signing checklist  FDM 21-35-35 Figure 3
  • DT 2219 bioremediation and direct landfilling project request 
  • DT1208 nonhazardous waste container label (not electronic, needs to be affixed to the drum). Contact the regional environmental coordinator for labels
  • Phase 2 investigation request (FDM 21-35-10, attachment 10.1)


  • Follow the guidance in FDM 21-35
  • Follow the recommended schedule (FDM 21-35-12) on Phase 2.5s, remediation planning necessary for construction.
  • Coordination of remediation with construction is difficult for last minute revisions, so start as early as possible with Phase 2.5 work. Remember:
    1. If the remediation is not large (less than $75,000) or involves hazardous waste (RCRA), use the specialty consultant contractors.
    2. Always get a letter from the WDNR with approval to remediate prior to advertising for bid.
    3. Use pre-bid meetings for projects with remediation in the let cycle (see hazardous materials news).


Lists and data sources


Waste disposal information

FHWA and EPA guidebooks and information

Standard verbiage

See FDM 21-35-25 for applicability:

Having completed a Phase 1 investigation for the improvement under consideration, the region has determined that further investigation of sites is merited. Those investigations are in the process of being scheduled. The WDNR and possibly affected parties will be notified of the results. The region will work with all concerned to insure that the disposition of any petroleum contamination is resolved to the satisfaction of the WDNR, WisDOT, and FHWA before acquisition of any questionable site, and before advertising the project for letting.

Non-petroleum sites will be handled on a case-by-case basis with detailed documentation and coordination with FHWA as needed.

See FDM 21-35-45 for language to use for bridge asbestos.


Construction and materials manual - 1.30 hazardous materials

U.S.T and L.U.S.T regulations and overview

What's new/current issues

DNR Remediation and redevelopment program publications that may be of interest

UST program facts

Lead arsenate in old orchard soils - DATCP fact sheet

Notification of contamination in the right-of-way

Section NR 725.05 Wis. Admin. Code requires notification of appropriate units of government when a site closure request is being made with residual soil or groundwater contamination or certain continuing obligations within a right-of-way. Use DNR form 4400-286 available on the DNR website for notification.

For state trunk, interstate and U.S. highways, all notifications of contamination in highway rights-of-way should be directed to the DOT Hazmat Unit via email or by U.S. mail or certified mail to:

DOT BTS-ESS Hazmat Unit
P.O. Box 7965
5 South
Madison, WI 53707-7965 3/13/18


WisDOT’s policy is that no asbestos-containing material should be used in the construction or maintenance of a bridge facility.

All buildings that are to be demolished or sold and moved are required to be inspected for asbestos prior to demolition or removal. These inspections are typically done during the Real Estate process.

There are several different special provisions for asbestos, which one you use will depend on the findings of the inspection. The STSP index includes guidance on when to use each of the STSPs:

View the STSPs

The PS&E submittal letter includes a section on asbestos.

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) and Department of Health Services (DHS) online asbestos notification program

The DNR - Asbestos Renovation and Demolition Notification (ARDN) system makes it easier for building owners and contractors to submit and make changes to their required notices. Notification to DNR or DHS is required for most building demolition and asbestos removal 10 business days prior to beginning any work.

Asbestos inspection and environmental documentation – FDM procedure 21-35-45

FDM 21-35-45 includes the inspection of bridge structures for asbestos containing material, and how to address asbestos in the environmental document for the project.

Conducting inspections

As of April 2005, all bridge asbestos inspections for any project that will be administered by WisDOT, including local road bridges, projects designed by consultants under contract to WisDOT, and projects designed in-house by WisDOT will be conducted through a contract administered by the Bureau of Technical Services, Environmental services section. To request an inspection, fill out the asbestos worksheet and email it, along with a bridge location map, and photos of the structure (if available) to DOT Hazmat Unit.

Scheduling of the inspections will be prioritized by environmental document date, and PS&E date. The inspections are grouped to reduce overall costs and mobilization charges.

Unexpected asbestos in construction - Construction and Materials Manual (CMM) Chapter

Chapter of the CMM contains the current procedures for handling asbestos in an emergency setting. Additional updates to other WisDOT manuals, policies and procedures will be added as they are completed.

If you have questions about the WisDOT asbestos program, please contact Shar TeBeest.


Q. I thought it was illegal to use asbestos?

A. Asbestos mining ended in the U.S. in 2002, however the US still imports over a thousand tons of asbestos every year for use in roofing, coatings and various other materials.

Q. Where is asbestos commonly found on bridges?

A. The three most common locations are in the gaskets or grout in the expansion joints in parapet walls, in the grout under railing bolt plates, and in the tar-like material used to seal the tops of wooden posts in the wing walls.

 gaskets or grout in the expansion jointgrout under railing bolt plates tar-like material used to seal the tops of wooden posts in the wing walls

Q. Can you tell if a material is asbestos containing just by looking at it?

A. No. The fibers are so small they cannot be detected without a microscope. This is why we have to sample the material to determine if it contains asbestos.

Q. Do I submit culverts for inspection as well?

A. No. The inspections are currently limited to those structures meeting the federal definition of bridges. (Those that currently have a B- or P- number in the Highway Structures Information System (HSIS).


Other links

Notification form DNR 4500-113 under the "Online Notification and Fees" tab
DNR - asbestos storage, transportation and disposal, Publication WA1012
WDHS inspector and abatement licensing and contractor info.
DNR - landfills licensed to accept asbestos containing wastes