Gear and equipment

Proper gear for motorcycle

Rider on green motorcycle doing skills testing Required equipment | Protective gear

Required equipment

  • Must be a white light, bright enough to reveal a person or object 350 feet away
  • Must be lighted at all times, day or night
  • Modulating headlights are permitted for daylight operation only
Tail light
  • Must be a red light visible for at least 500 feet
Brake light
  • Must be constant red or amber light
  • Must be visible for at least 300 feet
  • Must be properly functioning for constant operation
  • Must be properly maintained to prevent excessive, unusual noise or annoying smoke
  • Must be audible for at least 200 feet
  • Cycle must have at least one brake capable of stopping within 50 feet at 20 mph under normal conditions
Rear view mirror
  • Location of the mirror must show a rear view of the roadway for at least 200 feet
  • May rise no more than 30 inches above the lowest point on the tip of the driver's seat when seat is occupied
  • Improvised, defective or repaired handlebars are prohibited

Personal protective gear

Protective clothing

Motorcyclists are strongly urged to wear full protective gear, including:

  • A full face helmet
  • Leather or heavy duty long sleeve jacket
  • Leather or heavy long pants
  • Over-the-ankle boots
  • Full fingered leather gloves
Eye protection

Motorcyclists are required to wear any of the following eye protection:

  • A protective face shield attached to the helmet
  • Glasses
  • Goggles

If the windshield rises 15 or more inches above the handlebars, eye protection is not required but is strongly suggested.

  • Required for all operators and passengers under the age of 18
  • Operators are subject to fines and demerit points for carrying passengers (on a motorcycle or in a sidecar) under the age of 18 who aren't wearing a properly fitted helmet
  • Helmets are required for all operators with motorcycle instruction permits and their passengers
  • Strongly recommended for use by all motorcycle and moped riders
  • Must meet or exceed US DOT minimum standards​